About half of 279 women studied who gave birth at a large, urban publicly subsidized, teaching hospital in Cleveland between 1994 and 1996, reported a chronic medical condition. About eight in 10 were African-American. Seven in 10 reported one or more childhood maltreatment.
Stories this photo appears in:
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have traced chronic health problems of adult inner-city women to traumas from childhood abuse and neglect